Alternative Treatment for Hypertension

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treatment for hypertensionHypertension is one of the hallmarks of an unhealthy lifestyle. It is also one of the most accurate indicators of an early death. If you suffer from hypertension, you need to make a few changes to your life if you hope to see a ripe old age.

Hypertension is one of the most common afflictions in the United States. While it is most commonly controlled through the use of over-the-counter and prescription medications, many researchers are now beginning to endorse using natural hypertension remedies for controlling this life-threatening ailment.

Natural Hypertension Remedies Using Dietary Changes

There are many ways to lower blood pressure naturally, most of which are extremely safe and very effective. In order to know which remedies are the best and most effective treatment for hypertension, it is important realize that your diet is a key aspect of all of these. In order to make the changes you need, it starts with what you put into your body.

1.      Garlic has been shown to be very effective at preventing hypertension.  By consuming this vegetable, either raw or cooked, you can lower your blood pressure significantly.  Garlic contains a substance known as adenosine, which acts as a natural muscle relaxer and vasodilator.  This helps blood flow smoothly through the arteries and prevents the heart from working any harder than it has to.

2.      Most sufferers of hypertension are deficient in potassium.  Eating foods that are high in potassium, such as bananas, potatoes, tomatoes, oranges, soy, and spinach can help reduce your blood pressure to healthy levels.

3.    Eating fruits and vegetables are also an effective way of controlling blood pressure.  These foods are some of the best ways to get vitamin C, potassium, and fiber, all which help in the normalization of blood pressure.

4.      Omega-3 fatty acids that are found in fish oil will help dilate blood vessels, helping the blood to flow through smoothly.  This alone will significantly lower your blood pressure scores.  If you don’t like eating fish, you can get your omega-3 fatty acids by taking a few fish oil capsules throughout the day.

5.      Everyone knows that calcium helps build strong bones, but most do not know of its role in controlling blood pressure.  Calcium is necessary for the regulation of muscle contractions, which is exactly what a heartbeat is.  Having plenty of calcium makes controlling blood pressure much easier.

6.      Hawthorne berries are another effective natural remedy for hypertension.  These berries help strengthen the heart, making it more efficient in pumping blood throughout the body.  It will also help protect the arteries, dilate blood vessels, and lower your blood pressure.  However, this remedy takes quite a bit of time to be effective.

Researched Natural Treatment for Hypertension

To learn more effective natural hypertension remedies, please download our Natural Treatment for Hypertension Report. This remedy report will tell you tips and strategies you must know to lower your blood pressure naturally.  It comes with easy to follow instructions and is 100% guaranteed to work.  Don’t let hypertension rob you of the time you have in the world.  Get your copy now!

Dopamine: the cause of digital addiction?

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Dopamine is the most popular of neurotransmitters. Forget about the unsung heroes of neurotransmission glutamate and GABA (ever heard of them?), dopamine is the one most people have heard of. It’s the current click-bait of popular neuroscience and seems to be the darling of newspaper editors looking for something to make their science pages a bit more ‘sexy’ or ‘controversial’.

Take this article from the Daily Mail which claims power corrupts because of activation of dopamine pathways relative to social hierarchy in baboons. Perhaps the editors at the Daily Mail are imagining cocaine-fuelled parties on the African savannah?

Or this one, from the bastion of British investigative journalism, The Sun, which contends that having people like your pictures on Facebook is addictive because … you guessed it, dopamine.

And more recently an article from the New York Post went viral and claimed that iPads are turning children across the globe into ‘psychotic junkies’ because of … dopamine.

Here is the important thing to remember: just because an experience we enjoy ‘triggers release of dopamine’, or ‘activates reward pathways’, this does not mean that the experience in and of itself is ‘addictive’ or is ‘like a drug’. The truth, like most things in neuroscience, is far more nuanced and wonderful!
Dopamine: a rewarding molecule
Dopamine is a neurotransmitter. Neurotransmitters allow neurons to communicate and are signalling molecules released at synapses by spikes of electrical activity. When dopamine is released it diffuses across the synapse and binds to receptors in the membrane of the post-synaptic neuron. In doing so, dopamine signals a diverse range of actions that range from controlling movement, to releasing breast-milk, to decision-making and feelings of pleasure.

Surprisingly, only a very small number of neurons (about half a million of 100 billion, or so) produce dopamine. These dopaminergic neurons reside deep in the midbrain and send axons to the prefrontal cortex thus forming part of the mesolimbic pathway, or reward pathway. And this is the region that attracts the most attention.

To understand the role of dopamine in pleasure, reward, motivation and addiction, we need to take a step back and consider why we seek some experiences out. Neuroscience writer Mo Costandi explains,

“Our bodies’ internal needs motivate our behaviour in certain directions, leading us to specific goals that fulfil these needs. Hunger motivates us to get food; thirst motivates us to find water; and feeling cold motivates us to seek warmth. Eating and drinking are essential for our survival, and we experience them as being rewarding and pleasurable, so we have a natural urge to repeat the behaviours that enable us to obtain them. Sexual behaviour and raising children are similarly pleasurable, because they ensure our long-term survival….”

The release of dopamine in the brain’s reward pathways assigns value or status to each type of reward, and this will determine the length we go to achieve a given reward, or pleasurable experience.

“All pleasurable activities cause midbrain neurons to release dopamine … all of this reinforces the behavioural patterns that lead to obtaining the reward, make us more likely to repeat them in the future.”
Does dopamine release = addiction?
Addiction is a highly complex process that involves the interplay between a chemical or behaviour, genetics, learning, and the environment. Some addictive drugs (e.g. cocaine, amphetamines, and nicotine) hijack the brain’s reward mechanisms by directly influencing how dopamine is released, binds to dopamine receptors, or is mopped up.

Prolonged exposure to many additive drugs eventually suppresses activity in the neural reward pathways leading to tolerance (more of the drug is needed to get the same effect).

It’s absolutely true that substances such as cocaine or heroin massively enhance dopamine transmission. BUT this does not mean that everything that triggers dopamine release is addictive. This is a logic fallacy.

Yes, dopamine has a role in addiction and plays a major role in reward and pleasure, but to say it ’causes’ addiction misses all the other biological, psychological and sociological influencing factors.
Dopamine and ‘digital addiction’.
The latest scaremongering headline from the New York Post would have you think that children who are engaged in video games show similar patterns of addition as heroin users. The article ‘It’s ‘digital heroin’: How screens turn kids into psychotic junkies‘ contained the following emotive statement,

“We now know that those iPads, smartphones and Xboxes are a form of digital drug. Recent brain imaging research is showing that they affect the brain’s frontal cortex — which controls executive functioning, including impulse control — in exactly the same way that cocaine does. Technology is so hyper-arousing that it raises dopamine levels — the feel-good neurotransmitter most involved in the addiction dynamic — as much as sex.”

From a neuroscience perspective this is complete RUBBISH.

Yes, both Minecraft and cocaine both activate the dopaminergic reward pathway in the brain, but this does NOT mean kids who enjoy Minecraft are ‘addicted’ ‘psychotic junkies’!! Dopamine does not equal addiction!

As we mentioned above, dopamine is released in mesolimbic pathway during numerous pleasurable or rewarding experiences: when you’re having sex, cuddling your kids, quenching your thirst with a glass of water, shopping, watching Netflix, having a hot bath, and even … eating sugar (but let’s leave the sugar=cocaine story for another rant).

This doesn’t mean everything enjoyable and rewarding is like a ‘drug’ and that highly engaging dopamine-triggering activities put you or kids on the slippery slope to addiction. You’ll never see a newspaper headline warning that the feeling you get drinking water to quench your thirst is the same as a hit of heroin.

Technology is NOT a drug, it’s a tool (and its here to stay). We need to teach kids how to use it wisely, rather like driving a car.

The New York Post’s sloppy, ‘fear-reviewed’ report incited panic, cherry-picked the neuroscience, and missed the nuance and potential of technology to help as well as harm (and showed a clear misunderstanding of dopamine!!).

Instead I suggest you read this piece explaining in more detail why its neuro-garbage, this article for a backgrounder on dopamine, and check out this excellent blog by Jocelyn Brewer on the concept of digital nutrition. Jocelyn wisely says,

Using the word addiction in this conversation stigmatises technology users and the challenges facing parents and educators to effectively integrate technology into both leisure and learning in a balanced way that is tailored to the needs of individuals.

Labelling a generation of kids as addicted to screens and stereotyping them invariably as rude, disrespectful, disconnected and mute is both mean and myopic.

Ignoring the fact that adults are responsible for technology being in their hands is parochial. The issue here is that kids appear to enjoy and engage with technology more than their parents.  Adults generally have forgotten how to be curious and playful and haven’t thought to ask why.  The nuances of online worlds escape most ‘digital xenophobes’ (those who fear technology because they don’t understand it).

One final note, hopefully reading this blog has triggered a bit of dopamine release and you’ll come back to read the next one!


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As Lifespan Lengthens, Researchers Race to Slow Onset of Brain Disease

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As Lifespan Lengthens, Researchers Race to Slow Onset of Brain DiseaseAs people all over the world are living longer, finding better treatments for brain diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease has become one of the great challenges of the 21st century. While new research has begun to unlock some of the reasons these complex diseases occur, drug development for brain disease lags far behind that in other areas of medicine.


It has been more than 13 years since the last Alzheimer’s medication was approved but, during that period, more than 100 new cancer drugs have been brought to market. Drug development for brain diseases is complicated and expensive; with a failure rate approaching 99 percent, it is understandable that many drug companies have turned their focus away from brain diseases. Yet, with an expected explosion in the number of people developing Alzheimer’s disease in the next decade, it is crucial that we find more effective treatments.


The solution to the world’s brain disease epidemic is to find what are called disease-modifying therapies. Unlike treatments that alleviate the symptoms associated with a disease, disease- modifying therapies slow or delay the onset of a disease. The only way to test whether these therapies are effective is through clinical trials. Clinical trials test new drugs in participants who have or are at high risk of developing a disease, and monitor how these participants do compared with those who receive a placebo. Strict regulations are followed to ensure that these new drugs are safe.


Cleveland Clinic Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health is committed to finding more effective treatments for brain disease through clinical trials. Our clinical trials program has grown into one of the largest in the country, conducting more than 65 research studies and clinical trials since its inception in 2010. The program has attacked brain disease from a variety of angles and, in the process, has contributed greatly to our understanding of Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and multiple sclerosis. Through partnerships with the National Institutes of Health, academic institutions and pharmaceutical companies, new candidate agents are being tested every day at the Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health.


Here are just a few examples of the exciting research our team is pursuing:

A study of whether antibodies directed against amyloid, a biomarker of Alzheimer’s disease, will slow the progress of the disease in the early stages
A first-of-its-kind study to determine if early immunotherapy in people at high risk for multiple sclerosis reduces the risk of developing the disease
A first-of-its-kind investigation of the effects of a powerful antioxidant on brain function in people with Alzheimer’s disease
A study of whether an antioxidant given in early Parkinson’s disease affects the disease course


New research and technological advances have made this an exciting time for brain research. We are now closer than ever in our search for better treatments for brain diseases. Determining whether these new therapies are effective, however, will depend on having enough patients willing to participate in clinical trials.


If you or a loved one is interested in learning more about the clinical trials program at the Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health, visit for a list of active trials or contact us at


by Aaron Ritter, M.D.
Aaron Ritter, MD

Aaron Ritter, MD
About the Author
Aaron Ritter, MD, received his Bachelor of Arts at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and obtained his medical degree from the University of Colorado. He completed an internship in pediatrics and residency training in psychiatry at the University of Arizona in Tucson, followed by a fellowship in behavioral neurology and neuropsychiatry at Cleveland Clinic Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health, where he is now Director, Clinical Trials Program.

The post As Lifespan Lengthens, Researchers Race to Slow Onset of Brain Disease appeared first on Healthy Brains by Cleveland Clinic.

In Loving Memory of Dr. William Trumbower, a Contributor to the STTM II book

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William D. Trumbower, M.D.With great sorrow, I want to announce that Dr. William D. Trumbower of Missouri, who contributed the chapter Nutrition and Hypothyroidism in the Stop the Thyroid Madness II book, has recently passed away.

I adored Dr. Trumbower. He had great humility. When I asked him to be in the book, he stated that he “agonized over it as I am not in the same category as the other authors”. Posh!! I knew that was totally wrong. He was smart, open-minded, insightful and fabulous.

What I loved about his chapter is his take on the effects of either inflammation, malnutrition or toxicity on one’s hypothyroid state. He talked about the gut and the problem one can have from gluten, besides all the problems we can encounter from refined sugars and industrial-processes oils–all which he explained can cause more inflammation.

In one section of his chapter, he discussed the problems on our thyroid and health in general due to toxicity from halogens, heavy metals and xenoestrogens. I kept thinking about that when I discovered myself with high copper and lead last year, as well as high barium!! He was also keenly aware of the importance of knowing if one has the MTHFR mutation, which in itself can cause high heavy metals.

Dr. Trumbower believed that “almost all hypothyroidism begins as a nutritional disorder”. Patients haven’t always found that to be true for them if genetics are involved, but we agree that a high body of us could fall in that nutritional problem category!! So what a perfect chapter subject for him to focus on.

But here’s what I have NEVER forgotten about Trumbower: He followed his own advice about nutrition and stated that his “thyroid dose dropped from 150 mg of desiccated thyroid to 30 mg daily”. That has always blown me away. His experience underscored how important it is for all of us to know our nutritional status and treat it! I definitely do. I had found myself to be low in B-vitamins, l-carnitine and CoQ10 and definitely treat those. I also tend to fall too low in magnesium, so that’s an important nutrient for me to supplement. Dr. Trum certainly underscored it.

After the STTM II book came out, he explained to me in his own humorous way how it had changed his professional life. He stated:  “I now have credibility instead of being an old outlying radical doc.”  Don’t you love it?? Now you know why I found him to be so endearing.  And one way he blessed me in return is in stating that even he used the revised STTM book to guide his own thyroid journey! You make this girl proud.

In 2015, Dr. Trumbower and his daughter Elisabeth created a fully integrated clinic that combined aesthetics, wellness and bioidentical hormone therapies, called Pela Cura Anti-Aging & Wellness. What a blessing that must have been to worked with his own beloved daughter!

I have included his bio from the book below, just for you to know more about him and what a wonderful person and doctor he was!

Rest in Peace, Dr. Trumbower. Your chapter in the STTM II book will forever inspire thyroid patients, just as your presence and open-mindedness in the lives of so many of your patients have done the same.


I, William D. Trumbower MD, am a 69-year-old OB/GYN (no longer doing obstetrics or surgery), practicing in the, medium size, college town of Columbia, Missouri.  I am blessed in my practice, as my eleven partners do not require me to take call any more.  I am able to spend my time, in my office, performing annual exams on many people I have known for well over 30 years, as well as being able to concentrate on bioidentical hormones, thyroid, chronic fatigue and other areas that no one seems to be very interested in, probably because they are not extremely profitable.

I did not mean to be an alternative thyroid hormone physician. Nothing in my training would have given me any hint that this was to be my destiny. During my residency, I was obsessed with surgery, high-risk obstetrics and obstetrical anesthesia.  I was fortunate enough to to stay on the teaching faculty, at the University of Missouri – Columbia, for three years, as an assistant professor. I left the University of Missouri and entered private practice, in 1979.

I suppose I can trace much of my interest in alternative thinking to my parents, who were both extremely bright and well-read individuals.  My father, who had been a captain, in World War I, was the product of a classic East coast education and seemed to know everything about everything. My mother was a registered nurse and she was the one who directed me into medicine, by forcing me to get a job, in the summer of my high school graduation, in 1963, as an orderly, at the University of Missouri Teaching Hospital, in Columbia, Missouri.  When I think back to my youth, one of the turning points, at the age of 15, was reading Immanuel Velikovsky’s book’s Worlds in Collision and Earth in Upheaval.  I realized, after reading these books the important issue for me was not whether Dr. Velikovsky was right or wrong about his theories (I believe he was right, about most things), but how the scientific establishment dealt with someone who dared to question consensus views.  This attitude of not accepting what everyone assumes is the truth has stuck with me for the rest of my life.

Another turning point, for me, and my career, occurred early in my private practice, in the 1980s, when I was confronted with patients with cyclic mood problems, which my training had not prepared me to deal with, at all. The only thing that I could think of, for people like this, was hysterectomy and putting them on Premarin. One of my patients directed me to the works of Dr. Katharina Dalton, in London, England.  When I tried some of her techniques of supplemental natural progesterone, I was astonished to find that it worked remarkably well. As a result, my family and I took a trip to London, where I spent a week with Dr. Dalton learning her techniques. When I returned home, full of enthusiasm to share my new knowledge, I was shocked to find that most of my colleagues were very negative and wanted nothing to do with this information. It literally drew a line in the sand, with me on one side and most of my colleagues on the other. However, when I looked around, most of the patients were on my side of the line.

Because of my age, I did some of my training in the days before Synthroid dominated the market and natural products, such as Armour, were still in wide use. My mother was hypothyroid and I watched as her new doctors switched her to modern medicines, leaving her with a continued weight problem and fatigue.  Because of this, I was open-minded enough to prescribe Armour, if patients requested it, but I really did not know much about it until I met another physician from Columbia, Missouri, Dr. Mark Starr.  Mark was from Columbia and moved back here to start a practice.  He is the author of the book Hypothyroidism Type 2. I realized that he had a lot to offer my patients and so I began to communicate with him.  He is the one who directed me toward the work of Dr. Broda Barnes and opened my mind about thyroid. Since then, I have continued to read and study, extensively, about thyroid. My education was enhanced when I was diagnosed with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, in the last decade.

Interestingly enough, one of my patients had brought me one of the first editions of Stop the Thyroid Madness, prior to my diagnosis.  I actually used many of the techniques and suggestions, in the book, to guide me through my own hypothyroid treatments, including a trial of Synthroid, finding elevated reverse T3, having to use T3 only and, finally, settling on desiccated thyroid, which I have been on since that time.

When Janie Bowthorpe called me to ask me to write a chapter, for her new book, I was dumbfounded to find that anyone knew who I was. I was likewise astonished at the other authors in the new book, many of whom are people whose works I regularly read. My hope is that this chapter will provide a small overview of my view on thyroid disease and the general approaches that I take with it.  I will end by saying that the most powerful tool that anyone has to control their health destiny is what they eat every day

** Dr. Trumbower’s obituary